Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Companies Preying on The Indegent

Reverse Robin Hood: Six Billion Dollar Companies Preying on The Indegent

‚Making cash off the indegent stays a business that is booming’ laments Quigley. (picture: Jeremy Brooks/flickr/cc)

Numerous see families in poverty and look for to assist. Other people see families in poverty and find out possibilities for revenue.

Listed below are six types of billion buck companies which are constructed on splitting the indegent, specially individuals of color, from their cash, the opposite Robin Hood.

Always Always Check Cashing Organizations

Always always Check cashing organizations. Money a $100 check? At Walmart that’ll be $3. At TD bank non-customers spend $5 to cash a check from their bank.

Almost 10 million households containing 25 million individuals would not have any banking account based on the FDIC. Most simply because they didn’t have money that is enough keep the absolute minimum balance inside their account.

Always check cashing company are included in a $100 billion industry greater than 6,500 check cashing organizations in the usa, numerous which provide cash sales, domestic bill re re payments and so on, in accordance with testimony supplied to Congress by the industry.

Pawn Stores

Significantly more than 30 million individuals utilize pawn store financing services for the loan that is average of150. One business, money America, has 84 check cashing centers and 859 financing places in america, over 260 in Texas alone, expanding over $1 billion in pawn loans. Within their 2014 yearly report they disclose that 30 % of individuals never come back to redeem the product they pawned therefore the purchase of the products accocunts for over 50 % of the business profits. The business paid millions in charges in 2013 for overcharging people of the armed services and filing court that is inaccurate in huge number of instances. The CEO was handed $6 million in 2014.

Overdraft Costs

Overdraft charges, if you find perhaps perhaps maybe not money that is enough the bank account or bank card to pay for all acquisitions, can be an $11 billion industry for banking institutions, in accordance with the customer Financial Protection Bureau. A current ny occasions article describes exactly just exactly how banking institutions sometimes charge overdraft costs even if the customer has money that is enough their records to pay for the acquisition and had been forced to spend a lot more than a billion bucks for manipulating your order of acquisitions to maximise the possibilities that their clients will need to spend additional costs.

Payday Advances

Payday advances are employed by individuals over 15 million times per year and will trigger deep financial obligation dilemmas and frequently include incredible percentages as high as 391 per cent in accordance with the customer Financial Protection Bureau.

Pew Charitable Trusts reported spend loans are a $7 billion dollar a year industry day. The Federal Trade Commission won a $300 million situation against two lenders that are payday had been deceiving borrowers, who, for instance, took away a $300 loan reasoning it could possibly be paid back for $390 when in fact the lender had been asking $975 to repay the $300 loan. The united states Department of Justice indicted previous competition vehicle motorist Scott Tucker on criminal costs for running a $2 billion nationwide cash advance procedure which regularly charged interest on loans for more than 4.5 million individuals of 400 to 700 percent per 12 months. The nation’s pay day loan that is largest business, Advance America, charged almost 140,000 people in new york yearly portion prices surpassing 450 per cent until it had been stopped by hawaii.

Vehicle Title Loans


Never ever Skip a Beat.

Get our most useful sent to your inbox.

More than 2 million individuals utilize automobile title loans each year, spending about $3 billion in costs every year, with typical percentage that is annual of 300 %, based on the Pew Charitable Trusts. The middle for Responsible Lending estimates there are over 7000 organizations which loan money to individuals centered on keeping the name with their automobiles, often charging you as much as 300 % interest that is annual that they promote as 25 % each month. The normal borrower gets a loan of $951 and takes care of $3,093.

Business collection agencies

Business collection agencies is just a $13 billion buck per year industry using a lot more than 140,000 employees in 6,000 organizations, based on the Consumer Financial Protection that is federal Bureau.

Collectors make significantly more than 1 billion (yes by having a b! ) associates with customers every year, based on their industry that is own publication. Twelve million individuals (5.3 % of customers) are in minimum thirty days behind on the payments, in accordance with the Urban Institute. Thirty-five per cent of most grownups with credit files, 77 million individuals, have actually financial obligation in collection reported in their files. Professional Publica reviewed 5 years of court judgments and discovered the price of judgements was two times as full of mostly neighborhoods that are black it had been in white people.

The customer Financial Protection Bureau has over 74,000 complaints about incorrect commercial collection agency, its number one problem, relating to a report that is recent of Alliance for the simply Society.

They are maybe perhaps not companies that are just small big names like Citigroup, Capital One, JPMorgan Chase, Bank of America and Wells Fargo, in reality the Alliance for only Society reported the top businesses with debt collections are making almost $100 million in efforts to federal prospects and events since 2001 and another $280 million on federal lobbyists.

Citibank ended up being sued twice because of the federal CFPB over falsified documents and supplying information that is inaccurate financial obligation collections and consented to settle the scenario.

Your debt collector aided by the biggest quantity of complaints, Encore Capital Group, focuses primarily on purchasing up debts off their creditors after which filing thousands and thousands of legal actions had been obligated to cancel significantly more than 4,500 court judgments against borrowers in ny after it had been faced with filing shoddy legal actions.

JPMorgan Chase paid over $130 million to be in a situation against it brought by attorney generals from 47 states for improperly debts that are collecting what exactly is called robo-signing, where appropriate papers are authorized and filed without proper review. JPMorgan earlier in the day paid $389 million in fines and refunds to credit-card customers for difficulties with financial obligation collections.


There is certainly some news that is good. Democrats created and passed into legislation the customer Financial Protection Bureau which can be now starting to gain some traction in monitoring and managing these practices that are predatory. Bad news is the fact that Republicans like Ted Cruz want to destroy it plus some Democrats want to hobble it. Additionally, there are good teams like the middle for Responsible Lending which offer exemplary info on the abuses. However in the meantime earning profits off the indegent continues to be a business that is booming.